According to a legend, the city was founded by the Hindu god Shiva, several thousand years ago, so making it one of the goals of the most important pilgrimage in the country. It is in fact one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus. Varanasi was an industrial center famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculptures. Now is the Sacred City of the Hindus.

Every Hindu, at least once in his life, must have gone to Varanasi and here must plunge into the holy river Ganges at least at 5 different ghats. The ghats are flights of stone stairs that end in the water of the river. Every morning at dawn, the Hindus began to make their ablutions from the ghats.

According to Hinduism the only place on earth, where the gods allow men to escape from samsara, that is the eternal cycle of death and rebirth, is the west bank of the Ganges in Varanasi, so over the centuries millions of Hindus have come to die here. And it is always in Varanasi, that every Hindu wishes that his ashes to be scattered into the sacred river, so the pyres for cremation burn 24 hours on 24.