City of the trial held at the end of World War II in which the butchers Nazi-Fascists were convicted. City with a strong medieval imprint, built shortly after the year 1000, was a major publishing center at the dawn of the press in late 1400 and mid 1500. The Altstadt (old town) is surrounded by imposing walls where they are and the Königstor Frauentor. The center can be turned around easily on foot and is very close.
The center is splitted into two by the River Pegnitz. The three main churches, St. Lorenz Kirche, Frauenkirche, and St. Sebaldus Kirche are within walking distance of each other. Hauptmarkt, is the Place where takes place the famous Christmas market in Nuremberg and where is placed the Schöner Brunnen (beautiful fountain). Erected at the end of ‘300 is 19 meters high. And adorned with statues of philosophers, evangelists and pastors. A legend says that this fountain can bringing luck: you make a wish and then you turn around the fountain, while you make the lap you must turn the 4 gold rings that are on each side, and the wish will come true! At the end of Breite Gasse in front of the Weissen Turm is the Ehebrunnen (Ehekarussell original name), an allegorical fountain on the life of a couple from the first falling in love up to death. Inspired by a poem by Hans Sachs in 1541, with various allegorical figures representing the bittersweet life matrimoniale. The Kaiserburg castle is the highest point of the city, situated on a small hill.